Morality and Humanism. Dudley and Stephens

Immanuel Kant’s moral theory argued that the top most rules of ethics is typical rationality that dub the Categorical Imperative. All the types of decent requirements, as to Kant, are proven by this code, which implies that all immoral measures are unreasonable because they go against the Categorical Imperative. However other philosophers argue that the ethical needs are based on the levels of wisdom.

The argument was put across on the outstanding policy that a balance should be considered as free, in the sense of being the writer of the rules that governs it. To begin with, prior to conducting an analysis, it would be beneficial to explain Immanuel Kant’s deontological moral theory. The main idea was to argue upon the principals governing the morals of people. Essentially, the theory clearly states that rules or obligations are deeply connected to a person’s duty, which means that the person should prioritize actions first and outcomes second.

In other words, rules dictate what a person should do, or more specifically, how a person should behave according to certain obligations. Kant believed in a Categorical Imperative which argued that people have reason as to why they behave or react to certain issues.

Kant also argued further that moral duties emerge even when people are not concerned. It will be simply be ironical to universalize the aphorism of taking a person’s own life if it promises a lot of trouble than one’s pleasure. He said that people have the best obligations not to dare commit suicide. People are more likely to support other philosophers such, Dudley and Stephen who criticizes the theory of Kant.

Because choosing to kill Parker with a knife, knowing that he was presumably going to die either way, should be an acceptable thing to do because you know at some level people would compel to do the same thing were they to find themselves in this same situation.  However, on the other hand Kant also believed in the Humanity Formulation Humanity Formulation which Kant argues that, a person should be able to behave in humane character with regard of the status, by either to himself or to other persons.

People should not use others to benefit themselves instead they should mutually benefit. so according to Kant treating people as an ends, not means, is to never use anyone to get something else. People should never be used as tools or instruments; they can’t be things you employ to get what you need. All types of decent requirements as to Kant are proven by this code which implies that, all measures are unreasonable because they go against the Categorical Imperative.

In the case of Dudley and Stephens can be seen violating the Humanity Formulation because killing Parker in order to feed on him and survive would be considered using Parker as a means to their ends. The fourth and final sailor in this scenario is Brooks, who claimed he wanted nothing to do with Parker’s killing, yet once Parker was dead he participated in feeding on him. If we are to apply Kant’s moral theory, then it would seem that Brooks did not violate any of Kant’s imperatives. Kant’s means to an end principle applies to all rational humans. Because Parker was already dead when Brooks began feeding on him he cannot be considered a rational being capable of self-governing reason, in which case Brooks did.

It is the main importance in the Kantian ancient of moral philosophy but it is awarded an essential position at John Stuart Mill’s work of utilitarian liberalism. Viewing autonomy as the main principle while supporting the theory of moral can be differentiated with an optional frameworks like moral of being concerned, utilitarianism of a kind, and morals of virtue.

The spiritual utilitarian observed to the Christian God to tackle the main issue, numbered on how to unite the benefits of people that are enhanced by the happiness with the aim of the public at large.  John Stuart argues that anything that people do is not by people’s own but the will of God. It is God who grants the moral virtues of an individual without God peoples’ morals will be punished due the failure of not acting in his accordance.

The principle of value and the connected commitment to being happy as intrinsically admirable final and to ethical equivalency of being happy of various individuals was reformed. Moreover, the theory stresses that happiness has different layers of quality, as well as quantity, essentially meaning that in order to obtain a certain degree of happiness, several rules should be achieved. In addition, if a certain degree of rules that govern ones happiness are fulfilled then it would be much easier to evaluate the overall level of happiness.

The utilitarian moral theory, it would be good to assume that sailors did not know that they will be happy or not, they just wanted to survive. They were not happy after they ate one of comrades because their priority was to live. Although it would be okay to assume that they did feel the happy of not dying in the middle of an ocean, but it is of utmost importance to stress that the outcome would pleasing, which means they violated the core principle of theory.  It is important to mention that Brooks was not feeling eating up anyone in the group, however, he ate the person after Dudley and Stephen murdered him, in turn showed that he was going against the argument theory and was unhappy to do it. At first it seemed as if the sailors went against Mill’s Utilitarian theory, but when we look deeper to utilitarianism, Mills argues that the morally appealing is that results in the good for the greatest number of people.  Example of this would is, taking the life of a terrorist so that to potentially protect many if not thousands of lives. Parker was about to die or a seemed like to die on the view of to the other sailors. Killing Parker was not regard of going against Mills Utilitarian theory since saving a life of three is worth than saving a life.

The Dark Side of Freelance: How to Overcome Feeling Isolated

Writers are mostly freelancers. While freelance work could be exciting, since it offers greater flexibility and an opportunity to work without fixed schedules, it has a dark side that is often overlooked by the vast majority – isolation.

Inherently, freelance work involves putting in hours into working into writing articles, designing websites, designing logos, or even writing software and algorithms. With the advent of online working platforms as well as the ease of access to learning materials, many people have taken the time to learn essential skills that allow them to do online work.

The numbers indicate that freelancers will increase in years to come, and it is only poised to get better as years while away.

However, it is also worth noting that more often than not, freelancers are isolated and alone, since that is the best time that they can focus on coming up with quality work. Further, freelancing at times involves multitasking, which demands total concentration – something which is best achievable in an isolated and quiet environment. All in all, freelancers can beat isolation by engaging in other activities that shift their focus to work.

Connecting With Nature

You can overcome isolation by connecting with nature. When you walk into a park, for instance, or take a walk around, you get to relieve yourself and clear your head. This can help you to feel yourself again and break away from the isolation resulting from freelancing.

What’s more, walking around can help you to forget about your work temporarily, which is essential if you want to overcome freelance induced isolation.

Join a Club

One of the advantages of freelance work is that you can come up with a schedule of how to go about your day to day activities. However, freelancing also leads to isolation – thanks to hours of solo work. You can overcome this isolation by joining a local club. It could be a sports club, writing club, charity club, or any other club. Whichever club that you join, of course depending on your preferences, could help you to break away from the isolation that comes from freelancing.

Most clubs have meetings on specific days of the week, or even a host of activities during the weekends depending on the type of club. These clubs could be very integral if you want to overcome isolation since you could come up with a schedule that is fully inclusive of the activities of the club that you intend to join.

Family and Friends

Freelance work is demanding – especially if you are working on multiple projects for different clients that have strict deadlines. This might force you to put in more hours in work so that you can meet deadlines as well as deliver work that is of high quality. Therefore, this could result in isolation from other people within your environment and surroundings.

You could overcome this situation by organizing for family or friends’ meetups, where you get to spend time with your family members or your friends. This way, you will be able to overcome the dark side and  isolation that comes from freelancing, and you could get time to engage in other activities that could help you to unwind.

Rethink Your Workload

More often than not, many freelancers like to handle a lot of work, so that they can keep themselves engaged. Unless you are a workaholic – and even so, you need to create time for yourself and your family or friends so that you do not remain isolated. You can overcome isolation by taking up less work and creating more time for other activities. If you are a project leader and your involvement in a project is needed, then you can delegate some work to other freelancers so that you can create time for yourself.

Intensive work, in most cases, is what leads to isolation, and you can overcome and beat that isolation by reducing the work you have to take care of. Reduce your workload, and you will be surprised by the amount of free time that you will create for yourself.

In summary, freelancing can be very interesting and rewarding, since it gives you the freedom to dictate how and when you work. Freelance work allows you to create your schedules and work at times of your choosing, but it also has its downside.

Many freelancers out there are familiar with the isolation that comes with freelancing – since it is something that is intrinsic in the freelancing world.